Other types of dystonia

Other Dystonia types

TYPES that affect more than one part of the body

  • Generalised or Multifocal – adjacent parts of the body affected
  • Segmental Affects multiple parts of the body, such as both arms or both legs
  • Myoclonus – a genetic form that causes rapid jerky movements
  • Paroxysmal – a rare type which causes a sudden attack of spasms 
  • Dopa responsive – can be genetic and dopamine levels in the brain affected, usually difficulty in walking and responds well to the medicine Levodopa

More info: Brain Foundation

blue lineSecondary Dystonias

  • Resulting from Parkinson’s Disease  
  • Metabolic Disorders – such as Wilson’s Disease
  • Brain injury or trauma – such as Stroke, Hemidystonia tumour
  • Dystonic Cerebral Palsy – damage to the brain of an infant
  • Medicine or drug induced – side effects from certain drugs (Tardive Dystonia)

More info – Acquired dystonia (was known as secondary dystonia)

blue lineFunctional Dystonia (Functional Neurological Disorder)

Functional Dystonia is also known as Psychogenic Dystonia where symptoms of Dystonia appear. Symptoms are considered involuntary – performed without conscious awareness or effort and usually triggered by an event or trauma. You can also provide a FND learning guide to a health professional, or nursing staff and graduates to give them an understanding of functional neurological disorder (FND). The guide breaks down the symptoms, assessment progress and treatment for Functional Neurological Disorder (FND).
Link to Guide:  Mater Hospital Functional Neurological Disorder learning guide

More info: Functional and Dissociative Neurological Symptoms : a patient’s guide or the Dystonia Society UK – Functional Dystonia. 

Looking for a health professional with an interest in Functional Neurological Disorders? 

Link to searchable database: FND health professionals 

To direct you to other sites for more information relating to types of dystonia or causes you can visit our ‘Links’ page.

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